Critical Thinking is "the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action."
The Foundation for Critical Thinking. (2019). Defining Critical Thinking. https://www.criticalthinking.org/pages/defining-critical-thinking/766
"Social workers critically reflect on their practice, use analysis, apply professional judgement and reasoned discernment. We identify, evaluate and integrate multiple sources of knowledge and evidence. We continuously evaluate our impact and benefit to service users. We use supervision and other support to reflect on our work and sustain our practice and wellbeing. We apply our critical reflective skills to the context and conditions under which we practice. Our reflection enables us to challenge ourselves and others, and maintain our professional curiosity, creativity and self-awareness."
BASW The Professional Association of Social Work and Social Workers. (2020). Social Worker 6 - Critical Reflection and Analysis. https://www.basw.co.uk/professional-development/professional-capabilities-framework-pcf/the-pcf/social-worker/critical-reflection-and-analysis
Aveyard, H., Woolliams, M., & Sharp, P. (2015). A Beginner’s Guide to Critical Thinking and Writing in Health and Social Care: Vol. Second edition. McGraw-Hill Education. p. 18-20.
Qualitative: "generally uses interviews to explore the experience or meaning of an issue in depth. The results are presented using words."
Quantitative: "generally explores if something is effective or not, or measures the amount of something. The results are generally presented using numbers or statistics."
Mixed Method: "...use[s] more than one type of research."
Aveyard, H., Woolliams, M., & Sharp, P. (2015). A Beginner’s Guide to Critical Thinking and Writing in Health and Social Care: Vol. Second edition. McGraw-Hill Education. p.57.